Asopa, R. & Williams, G. (1989) Use of the Correctaid device in the management of impotence. British Journal of Urology, 63, 546–547.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Urologists are the doctors that can examine, diagnose and treat your erectile dysfunction (ED). .
Some ED treatments are effective within a specific time window after you swallow a pill and require a short wait before they become effective. Others give you more leeway to forget about timing altogether. Are you somebody who will be irritated by a certain amount of planning for sex? For some people, this can be a mood-killer, while other men don’t mind, especially those who don’t like the idea of taking a daily pill for occasional sex.
More than 30 million men have some form of the condition in the United States alone, and it becomes more prevalent with age.
The penis contains three cylinders, the two corpora cavernosa, which are on the top of the penis (see figure 1 below). These two cylinders are involved in erections. The third cylinder contains the urethra, the tube that the urine and ejaculate pass through, which runs along the underside of the penis. The corpus spongiosum surrounds the urethra. Spongy tissue that has muscles, fibrous tissues, veins, and arteries within it makes up the corpora cavernosa. The inside of the corpora cavernosa is like a sponge, with potential spaces that can fill with blood and distend (known as sinusoids). A layer of tissue that is like Saran Wrap, called the tunica albuginea, surrounds the corpora. Veins located just under the tunica albuginea drain blood out of the penis. SLIDESHOW Erectile Dysfunction (ED) Causes and Treatment See Slideshow Readers Comments 5 Share Your Story While erectile dysfunction can occur at any age, the risk of developing erectile dysfunction increases with age.
In order to provide the best support possible, it is important that partners do the necessary level of research to establish the cause of the ED, to find out whether it is due to a physical condition, psychological or due to medication. . Not only will this improve the partner's understanding of ED, but it will allow them to become more empathetic to the man with the condition.
This route typically isn’t recommended for men taking nitrate drugs or alpha-blockers, and all medications, including over-the-counter herbs and supplements, should be shared with your doctor to prevent negative interactions. The commonly reported potential side effects of phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors include headache, flushing, runny nose, stomach pain, back pain, indigestion, vision changes, and dizziness.
The benefits of using these exercises is that your erectile problems can be solved without using any medication or surgery which all have their own risks and side effects which could damage your health further.
Use the links below to find information relating to various urological procedures.
Also, all pharmacies in Great Britain, including those providing internet services, must be registered with the GPhC and meet their standards for registered pharmacies.
Malleable implants usually consist of paired rods, inserted surgically into each of the corpora cavernosa. The rods are stiff, and to have an erection, one bends them up, and then when finished with intercourse one bends them down. They do not change in length or width. The malleable implants are the least mechanical and thus have the lowest risk of malfunction. However, also have the least "normal appearance."
The authors would like to acknowledge the University of Gondar for its support and facilitation of the study. The authors also want to thank all the study participants for their collaboration and participation in the study. 1. Gebreyohannes EA, Bhagavathula AS, Gebresillassie BM, Tefera YG, Belachew SA, Erku DA. Recreational use of phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitors and its associated factors among undergraduate male students in an Ethiopian University: a cross-sectional study. World J Mens Health. (2016) 34:186–93. doi: 10.5534/wjmh.2016.34.3.186 2. Guay AT, Perez JB, Jacobson J, Newton RA. Efficacy and safety of sildenafil citrate for treatment of erectile dysfunction in a population with associated organic risk factors. J Androl. (2001) 22:793–7. Erratum in: J Androl. (2002) 23:113. doi: 10.1002/j.1939-4640.2001.tb02582.x 3. Harte CB, Meston CM. Recreational use of erectile dysfunction medications and its adverse effects on erectile function in young healthy men: the mediating role of confidence in erectile ability. J Sex Med. (2012) 9:1852–9. doi: 10.1111/j.1743-6109.2012.02755.x 4. Zusman RM, Morales A, Glasser DB, Osterloh IH. Overall cardiovascular profile of sildenafil citrate. Am J Cardiol. (1999) 83:35C−44C. doi: 10.1016/S0002-9149(99)00046-6 5. Delate T, Simmons VA, Motheral BR. Patterns of use of sildenafil among commercially insured adults in the United States: 1998-2002. Int J Impot Res. (2004) 16:313–8. doi: 10.1038/sj.ijir.3901191 6. Bechara A, Casabé A, De Bonis W, Helien A, Bertolino MV. Recreational use of phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors by healthy young men. J Sex Med. (2010) 7:3736–42. doi: 10.1111/j.1743-6109.2010.01965.x 7. Makwana S, Solanki M., Raloti S., Dikshit R. Evaluation of recreational use of aphrodisiac drugs and its consequences: an online questionnaire based study. Int J Res Med. (2013) 1:51–9. 8. Harte CB, Meston CM. Recreational use of erectile dysfunction medications in undergraduate men in the United States: characteristics and associated risk factors. Arch Sex Behav. (2011) 40:597–606. doi: 10.1007/s10508-010-9619-y 9. Schnetzler G, Banks I, Kirby M, Zou KH, Symonds T. Characteristics, behaviors, and attitudes of men bypassing the healthcare system when obtaining phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors. J Sex Med. (2010) 7:1237–46. doi: 10.1111/j.1743-6109.2009.01674.x 10. Gebregeorgise DT, Belay YM, Kälvemark Sporrong S. Sildenafil citrate use in Addis Ababa: characteristics of users and pharmacists' dispensing practices. Int J Clin Pharm. (2018) 40:67–73. doi: 10.1007/s11096-017-0558-8 11. Both R. Sex, tension, and pills: young people's use of contemporary reproductive and sexual health technologies in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (Doctoral dissertation). Anthropology Department, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherland (2017). Available online at: https://pure.uva.nl/ws/files/9794196/Thesis_complete_.pdf 12. Both R. A matter of sexual confidence: young men's non-prescription use of Viagra in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Cult Health Sex. (2016) 18:495–508. doi: 10.1080/13691058.2015.1101489 13. Cheitlin MD, Hutter AM Jr, Brindis RG, Ganz P, Kaul S, Russell RO Jr, et al. Use of sildenafil (Viagra) in patients with cardiovascular disease. Technology and Practice Executive Committee. Circulation. (1999) 99:168–77. doi: 10.1161/01.CIR.99.1.168 14. Santtila P, Sandnabba NK, Jern P, Varjonen M, Witting K, von der Pahlen B. Recreational use of erectile dysfunction medication may decrease confidence in ability to gain and hold erections in young males. Int J Impot Res. (2007) 19:591–6. doi: 10.1038/sj.ijir.3901584 15. Schiefer J, Sparing R. Transient global amnesia after intake of tadalafil, a PDE-5 inhibitor: a possible association? Int J Impot Res. (2005) 17:383–4. doi: 10.1038/sj.ijir.3901301 16. Pomara G, Morelli G, Menchini-Fabris F, Dinelli N, Campo G, LiGuori G, et al. Epistaxis after PDE-5 inhibitors misuse. Int J Impot Res. (2006) 18:213–4. doi: 10.1038/sj.ijir.3901383 17. Tiryakioglu SK, Tiryakioglu O, Turan T, Kumbay E. Aortic dissection due to sildenafil abuse. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg. (2009) 9:141–3. doi: 10.1510/icvts.2009.205849 18. Nachtnebel A, Stöllberger C, Ehrlich M, Finsterer J. Aortic dissection after sildenafil-induced erection. South Med J. (2006) 99:1151–2. doi: 10.1097/01.smj.0000240732.65859.aa 19. Suleman S, Woliyi A, Woldemichael K, Tushune K, Duchateau L, Degroote A, et al. Pharmaceutical regulatory framework in ethiopia: a critical evaluation of its legal basis and implementation. Ethiop J Health Sci. (2016) 26:259–76. doi: 10.4314/ejhs.v26i3.9 20. Gebretekle GB, Serbessa MK. Exploration of over the counter sales of antibiotics in community pharmacies of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: pharmacy professionals' perspective. Antimicrob Resist Infect Control. (2016) 5:2. doi: 10.1186/s13756-016-0101-z 21. Jackson G, Montorsi P, Cheitlin MD. Cardiovascular safety of sildenafil citrate (Viagra): an updated perspective. Urology. (2006) 68(3 Suppl):47–60. doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2006.05.047 22. Kloner RA, Jackson G, Emmick JT, Mitchell MI, Bedding A, Warner MR, et al. Interaction between the phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor, tadalafil and 2 alpha-blockers, doxazosin and tamsulosin in healthy normotensive men. J Urol. (2004) 172(5 Pt 1):1935–40. doi: 10.1097/01.ju.0000142687.75577.e4 23. Ethiopia CC. Summary and Statistical Report of the 2007 Population and Housing Census. Addis Ababa: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia population Census Commission (2008). 24. Ausó E, Gómez-Vicente V, Esquiva G. Visual side effects linked to sildenafil consumption: an update. Biomedicines. (2021) 9:291. doi: 10.3390/biomedicines9030291 25. Gebreslassie M, Feleke A, Melese T. Psychoactive substances use and associated factors among Axum University students, Axum Town, North Ethiopia. BMC Public Health. (2013) 13:693. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-693 26. Lindsey WT, Stewart D, Childress D. Drug interactions between common illicit drugs and prescription therapies. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. (2012) 38:334–43. doi: 10.3109/00952990.2011.643997 27. Murtadha M, Raslan MA, Fahmy SF, Sabri NA. Changes in the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of sildenafil in cigarette and cannabis smokers. Pharmaceutics. (2021) 13:876. doi: 10.3390/pharmaceutics13060876
Alprostadil should not be used in men with urethral stricture (scarring and narrowing of the tube that urine and ejaculate pass through), balanitis (inflammation/infection of the glans [tip] of the penis, severe hypospadias (a condition where the opening of the urethra is not at the tip of the penis, rather on the underside of the penis), penile curvature (abnormal bend to the penis), and urethritis (inflammation/infection of the urethra).
They work for most men and can be used if medicine is not suitable or does not work.
Men presenting with ED should have consideration for a cardiovascular work-up as significant numbers of these men have occult or asymptomatic heart or vascular disease.
The logo links to the website of the national competent authority listing all legally operating online pharmacies/retailers. National websites are listed with the European Medicines Agency. By simply clicking on the logo a purchaser of the medicines online will be sent to the entry of the pharmacy on that national list, thus completing the verification process.
In younger men, the most frequent cause of ED is anxiety due to worrying about causing a pregnancy, nervousness about having sex or about using a condom.